January 13, 2010
The Wife of a Dairyman ~ Provincial Beef Stew ~ What is High Quality Protein?
What is High-Quality Protein?
When it comes to choosing proteins, it’s important to
realize that all proteins are not created equal. High-quality
or complete proteins contain all the indispensable amino
acids in the appropriate amounts needed by humans.
The quality of a protein is also related to its digestibility,
and animal proteins are highly digestible. For example,
meat and cheese have a digestibility of 95 percent,
where as cooked split peas are about 70 percent digestible.
Beef, milk, yogurt, pork, eggs, cheese, fish and poultry
are complete high-quality proteins that are highly
digestible and contain all the essential amino acids your body needs to build and maintain muscle mass and manage weight,
sarcopenia (progressive loss of muscle mass with age),
osteoporosis/osteopenia, cardiovascular disease and
type 2 diabetes. These animal proteins are nutrient powerhouses,
providing the essential vitamins and minerals your body needs
to be healthy.
http://www.beefitswhatsfordinner.com/CMDocs/BIWFD/High%20Quality%20Protein%20and%20Optimal%20Health.pdf (if this link does not work, copy and paste into your browser window)
Photo by Eating Well
Provincial Beef Stew
• 2 large green leek leaves, (about 6 inches long)
• 1 bay leaf
• 1 stalk celery
• 2 sprigs fresh parsley, with stems
• 3 sprigs fresh thyme
• 1 2-inch-long strip tangerine or orange peel
Stew• 3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil, divided
• 2 ounces pancetta, or bacon, cut into 1/2-inch pieces
• 3 pounds beef stew meat, such as chuck, trimmed and cut into 1- to 1 1/2-inch pieces
• 2 teaspoons kosher salt, divided
• 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground pepper, divided
• 2 medium yellow or red onions, chopped
• 3 cloves garlic, chopped
• 1 1/2 pounds carrots, sliced into 1-inch rounds
• 2 tablespoons tomato paste
• 1 pound button mushrooms, halved if small, quartered if large
• 1 bottle (750 ml) full-bodied red wine, such as Burgundy or Pinot Noir
• 1/2 cup chopped fresh parsley
• Freshly grated zest of 1 tangerine, or orange
1. Preheat oven to 250°F.
2. To assemble bouquet garni: Place one leek leaf on the counter. Top with bay leaf, celery stalk, parsley sprigs, thyme sprigs and tangerine (or orange) peel. Place the second leek leaf on top and tie the bundle together in four spots with kitchen string. Set aside.
3. To prepare stew: Heat 1 tablespoon oil in a dutch oven (such as Le Creuset) over medium-high heat. Add pancetta (or bacon) and cook until barely brown, 1 to 2 minutes. Transfer to a paper towel-lined plate, leaving any drippings in the pot.
4. Add beef in batches (do not crowd the pot) and cook until browned on all sides. Transfer to a large bowl and season with 1 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon pepper.
5. Add 1 tablespoon oil to the pot and add onions and garlic. Cook, stirring, until the onions are translucent, 3 to 4 minutes. Add carrots and cook, stirring, until they begin to soften, 4 to 5 minutes. Stir in tomato paste. Season with the remaining 1 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon pepper. Transfer the mixture to the bowl with the beef.
6. Reduce heat to medium and add the remaining 1 tablespoon oil to the pot. Add mushrooms and cook, stirring occasionally, until they are tender, 5 to 7 minutes. Transfer to a small bowl; set aside.
7. Pour wine into the pot and bring to a boil, scraping up any browned bits. Return the browned beef, the carrot mixture and the reserved pancetta (or bacon) to the pot along with the bouquet garni. Press down on the beef and vegetables, making sure to submerge them completely in the wine; if necessary, add just enough hot water to make sure they are covered. Cut a piece of parchment paper to fit the pot and press it directly on top of the stew, covering it completely.
8. Transfer the stew to the oven and cook, with the lid off, until the beef is tender enough to cut with a fork, about 3 hours. Check every hour to be sure the ingredients stay submerged in liquid during the entire cooking time. If too much wine evaporates, add a little hot water to make up for the loss. During the last 15 minutes of cooking, stir in the reserved mushrooms.
9. Remove and discard the bouquet garni. Combine chopped parsley and tangerine (or orange) zest in a small bowl and scatter on top of the stew just before serving.
Tips & Notes
• Make Ahead Tip: Prepare through Step 8, let cool to room temperature, cover and refrigerate for up to 2 days. Reheat at a gentle simmer on the stovetop for about 30 minutes or in a 350°F oven for 1 1/4 hours before serving.
Equipment: Kitchen string, parchment paper
Per serving: 351 calories; 15 g fat (5 g sat, 7 g mono); 84 mg cholesterol; 14 g carbohydrates; 26 g protein; 3 g fiber; 419 mg sodium; 637 mg potassium.
Nutrition Bonus: Vitamin A (210% daily value), Zinc (53% dv), Iron & Vitamin C (20% dv), Potassium (18% dv)
1 Carbohydrate Serving
Exchanges: 2 vegetable, 3 lean meat, 1 fat